Contradictions #

Tim Bray:

I don’t miss Marx­ism as a frame­work, but let’s not kid our­selves that the symp­toms it was try­ing to ad­dress are be­hind us.

Real or Fictional Entity Test #

Yuval Noah Harari:

The best test to know whether an entity is real or fictional is the test of suffering. A nation cannot suffer, it cannot feel pain, it cannot feel fear, it has no consciousness. Even if it loses a war, the soldier suffers, the civilians suffer, but the nation cannot suffer. Similarly, a corporation cannot suffer, the pound sterling, when it loses its value, it doesn’t suffer. All these things, they’re fictions. If people bear in mind this distinction, it could improve the way we treat one another and the other animals. It’s not such a good idea to cause suffering to real entities in the service of fictional stories.